The larger and wider kayaks are the most stable. There are two types of kayaks depending upon size and shape of kayaks.
1)FLAT WATER KAYAKS:
It is the type that are rideable only on flat body of water. They are not used in rough waters and windy conditions. They are further of 5 types which are as following:
I-Sit -On-Top Kayaks:
They have sitting seats on tops and don’t have close cockpit. This makes easiness for person to get into and out of it. They are above the water level so it’s center of gravity is higher, to attain stability it is made wider than others.
● It is best for fishing and SCUBA diving as it is easy to get into and out of it.
● All the fishing gear and accessories are easily accessible.
● The open cockpit sometimes gives wet ride which is not good in winter.
● All luggage can be ruined by water.
● Due to its wideness its speed is reduced.
● Terr is no bailing system so we have to drain out the water ourselves.
It is a type that has closed cockpit and it opening his large enough to put a child in there too. It is 10 feet in length or less.
● It is cheaper than others because it is made up of less expensive materials like polythene
● A casual paddler cane easily uses it for fishing and photography or for recreation.
● It is best for peaceful and dry tour as in the summer the cockpit can be kept open for cool ride and in winter it can be closed for dry and warm trip.
● Due to shorter length they are easy to transport.
● Due to shorter length they are not good in tracking (in going straight).
● Its speed is less than the touring kayaks due to shorter length.
These are 12 feet or more in length and they have small sized cockpit. They are narrower in area
It is faster than other kayaks due to longer length and narrowness.
● It has rudders foe sharp turning.
● It has thigh braces so if kayak rolls over, the paddler can easily roll himself upright.
● It can be easily used for longer trips.
● These kayaks are very expensive, new kayaks of$1200 and the used ones are $800.They are very long so they cannot be easily transported.
● It is not useful for the family recreational trips.
IV-PEDALING KAYAKS: It is useful for the people with backbone problem or for old people with less energy, as legs are used for paddling.
● Its one type uses propeller like the bicycles do it is easy to ride.
● Other type uses flippers like the divers.
● It is good for long adventures as arms muscles can be twitched faster than the legs muscles.
● Arms are only required while pulling it into the shore.
It is expensive than all the kayaks due to propelling system.
V-INFLATABLE FLAT WATER KAYAKS:
These kayaks are made up of Hypalon (Neoprene type). They can easily be transported in a small bag.
● They can be inflated so can e carried n a small bag while on a trip.
● They have multiple compartments.
● It uses low pressured air always below 3 psi.
● It is useable on rivers and calm waters.
● It is stable.
● It does not dent and does not break while it bounce on rock.
● Some types have lower speed and requires more effort to paddle.
● They are not sturdy as traditional ones.
These types of kayaks are used on then moving water bodies. They can even handle extreme windy condition and water waves. They are further of 5 types:
I-PLAYBOATS: These kayaks are mainly used for tricks performance. It is very short about 6 feet in length.
● It is an alternative to gym, as tricks perform in it have same effect lifting weights.
● It is good for waves and holes water are.
Creekers are usually 8 feet or more length. They are very comfortable, and usually built to withstand drops a little more heavily. See if you are a beginner. Some creek boats have a displacement hull. Displacement is good for rudder droplets but they can be a little difficult to cross the pores and cross the heel lines, using one to drive the rivers. If you are a beginner then. Displacement hull is best for creeks and large drops. Of course, this is just my opinion, and I’m sure you will find someone who thinks otherwise.
● It has large volume which make them more stable.
● It is faster and have higher floating.
● It has displacement hull.
III-OLD SCHOOL KAYAKS:
They are longer than the usual ones about 10-12 feet in length. These are the kayaks that were used in the late 80’s and 90’s. They are commonly used kayaks.
● It is a cheaper ones, $200 is enough to buy this kayak with paddle and skirt.
● It is good for flat water bodies with some rapids.
● Its length is problem for sharp and tight turns.
● It has smaller cockpits.
● In any crises, it is difficult to get out of the boat.
IV-INFLATABLE WHITEWATER KAYAKS: They are inflatable wide kayaks. They have large cockpits.
● It is very stable due to its wideness.
● It is very easy to use and just 2 hours course is enough for riding it.
● It is very comfortable because it is easy to shift the position periodically.
The only disadvantage is that they are not best for a lot of sharp turns.
It is usually about 7-8 feet long. It has a large apace to store the gears. Its length is enough for the small tracking but it is not enough for the sharp and tight turns.