FINDING AND PURIFYING WATER
Having the skill of how to create a solar still from a plastic bag or strain water through silver can save a camper’s life in an emergency. At the very least, campers should know to boil water to purify it before using.
Humans have a small limit of two days to stay alive without having a source of clean water. Camper can sort out directions by marking a point on a shadow, then leaving it for 10 minutes or more and marking same point in its new location. By drawing a line, camper can find out east and west, the first point is west, and can find north by standing with first mark to his left and the second mark on his right.
CATCHING FISH AND SMALL ANIMALS
A healthy camper can live for weeks without food in a survival camping situation. However, he will need to eat in the end. Animals are a safe option if he is not a vegetarian. Vegetarians lose bacteria that they require to digest meat thus it’s a bad idea to suddenly swipe their diet after only a few days in the wilderness. Campers should always accompany fishing line with a high test rating along with a few hooks. Fishing line can also be used in trapping a number of small animals.
BUILDING A FIRE WITHOUT MATCHES
A soft rock and sticks are rubbed together to build a fire without matches. It can also be produced from a magnifying glass or polished aluminum. Fire is a necessary tool for survival thus a camper should know how to set and nourish fire in the absence of matches. He should test it before heading for survival camping.
SETTING A BROKEN BONE
If a person breaks bone, he should heads to the hospital as soon as possible. But in camping, when its difficult to reach at hospital or approach to rescue teams, people should know how to set a bone. They should learn how to build a splint, CPR and other basic first aid techniques for the benefit of their fellow campers.
FINDING SHELTER IN ANY ENVIRONMENT
Campers can never always get a good camp, so they should have how to build a basic shelter from leaves, tarp, pine needles and whatever else they will have at their disposal. Body temperature can quickly drop in a cold area, so in an emergency, they should about shelter before anything else.
Similarly, campers will need to keep themselves off from cold ground by any possible trick. Learn about various types of clothing an always wear dress appropriately according to the environment. Campers should know how to find warm places and how to insulate themselves from snow and frost. Cotton is not a good choice. Always go for dresses which are highly insulated thus choose plastic made dress over cotton.
Fire cannot be set without firewood. The best firewood is dry and old, so experienced campers know to search for dead lower branches of larger old trees. Small bushes and pieces of birches work great as kindling, and birch bark is easy to lighten up even after a few days of rain.
If a camper gets lost, he will need basic navigation skills to keep away from retracing his steps.
INDENTIFYING POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS PLANTS
Misidentifying a plant can result in diarrhea, itchy rash or even severe dehydration. A camper’s life could depend upon his ability to avoid dangerous plants, so when he heads to a new place, first make sure that he knows how to recognize indigenous plants.
TAKING STOCK AND ADAPTING
A camper’s ability to adapt things is the key to its camping success. Potential to adapt is the most important resource in the wilderness. Whether a camper is on a two days camping trip or he is stuck on the side of a mountain for a week, he should know about his surroundings. Ponder about novel ways to use materials and priorities his needs. If he is able to stay relax and take a logical approach in unexpected situations, he will be a much better survivalist and camper.