A mosquito can bite as many times as it wants. Female mosquitoes usually feed on the blood meals until they are full. She can rest for 2 to 3 days after her abdomen is full and then lay her eggs. If she is interrupted before getting full, she is likely to bite someone else or come back to the same person for blood until she is full.
They are a source of food for other animals like frogs, dragonflies, bats, and birds. Also, if they had an option between a human and horse or a bird and cattle, they would rather the animals.
Female mosquitoes are the only ones that bite for blood which is necessary for the proteins required to produce eggs. Mosquitoes bite both at night and during the daytime.
Mosquitos belong to the fly family. They are big enough because they can be viewed with naked eyes. Male mosquitoes have feathery antennas to attract the female mosquitoes. Females have less feathery antennas. Female mosquitoes have longer life span as they can live for a month whereas male ones live for a week. Mosquitos causes itchy bites to several diseases because they carry life threatening germs with them.
Females can lay five clutches of eggs which may consists of 100 eggs at a time. Once the female mosquito has reached the adulthood, they mate. Once she has mated, she tries to lay eggs. Sometimes she doesn’t have the energy for it, so she tries to aim for her first hunt. Either it is an animal or human after driving her energy from the blood meal the females lay her eggs. There are several species of mosquito that mates and bites only once. After laying, one clutch of eggs they die.
Mosquitoes usually choose their victims based on the scent of carbon dioxide and other chemicals present in the perspiration. Female mosquito usually takes her blood meal by piercing our skin with the long tubular mouthparts.
They inject their saliva while sucking our blood which contains protein. Humans are usually allergic to their protein and as a result of which we get red bumps on our skin. Sometimes there might be a small dot at the center of these bumps.
Adults usually get less reaction than children. Mosquito bites often causes a stinging sensation in our body followed by itchiness. Most of them heals up within within a day or two. People having impaired immunity system tend to have more serious reaction like fever, headache and so on.
Mosquitoes are insects that bite humans and animals, causing swelling, irritation, and itching. They come from the kingdom Animalia and are of the Culicidae family. They transmit diseases and infections like malaria, dengue, yellow fever, filariasis, and zika fever.
They have long and slender bodies with a piercing mouth for bloodsucking and stinging. Their food includes juices from plants and times nectar. However, proteins are paramount for the maturing of their eggs, and they obtain this from human or animal blood.
Mosquitoes lay their eggs on water bodies, and their cycle is that of egg-larvae-pupa-adult. They come from the group Diptera which is the same as that of true flies. They entail a single pair of wings and have thin and long legs, and their head has big proboscis. In most cases, their wings and bodies have scales, and mature ones are usually between 3 to 9 mm.
There are numerous species of mosquitoes. We give you some of the most common ones, their characteristics, appearance, and where they can be found.
1. Culex mosquitos
This species is a known carrier of encephalitis disease. They have visible brown scales all over their wings, thorax, and legs. They lay brown eggs, which are cylindrical in shape which takes between six to ten days to mature to adulthood. Also, the culex dwells in stagnant and dirty waters, unlike the anopheles, which prefer a clean environment.
These species prefer to bite during the night and are into darker colors. The culex is known to fly for long distances.
2. Anopheles mosquitoes
These are female mosquitos that are famous for causing malaria. Besides, they transmit filariasis and encephalitis. The adults have dark spots on their wings and usually rest at an angle of 45 degrees in relation to the surface. Their eggs take between six to ten days to mature into adulthood.
They bite during the night and are more into darker objects.
3. Aedes Mosquitoes
The Aedes species are known carriers of pathogens responsible for dengue, yellow fever, encephalitis, and zika fever. They are unique as they bite during the day and their adults have white and dark spots on their wings. Also, the Aedes lay black eggs that are oval in color, and their eggs take between six to eight days to mature to adults.
In most cases, they dwell in containers that have water and are in dark colors like red and black.
4. The Dark Winged Fungus Gnat Mosquitoes
This species hatch between 100-300 eggs in a span of six to ten days. They can destroy plant roots even at the larvae stage. Mostly found around plant roots, and they are not good at flying as they can be found pacing on plants.
5. Biting Midge Mosquitoes
The biting midge has a short life span of between 20-30 days. Mostly found on wet grounds near the river, pond, streams, and lakes. To identify them, they mostly appear between dusk and dawn.
Effects of Mosquitos
Mosquitos have two main negative effects on humans, and that is sucking their blood and transmitting diseases.
So how do they suck blood?
To get to their victims, they rely on temperatures, body odors, releasing carbon dioxide, and movement. It’s only the female mosquitoes that bite with the presence of the probosci’s chick and go in with two “needles” where one is for blood-sucking whereas the other is to facilitate an enzyme that prevents blood clotting.
It should be known that the blood is to enable proteins responsible for proteins required by their eggs.
With diseases, they transmit them in various ways depending on the species. For instance, with dengue and yellow fever, the virus is transmitted through saliva when the mosquito is sucking blood. With Malaria, on the other hand, the parasites are usually seated at the gut of the female anopheles and pass to the victim during feeding.
Control and Reduction
Mosquitos’ usual carries several germs like viruses, bacteria and parasites with their saliva and they tend to inject those pathogens in our blood while biting. Hence, causing several diseases like malaria, Dengue and so on. It is absolutely necessary to treat the infected area after having a mosquito bite. Clean the area with water and soap and apply ice over it. Ice helps in reducing the itchiness.
There are several creams and medicated sprays that are available in the market to treat the infected area. Mosquito bites are not avoidable but you can always prevent them. They generally breed on stagnant water. So, it is essential to avoid standing water near your home.
The vegetation around the house should be trimmed in proper intervals and waste materials should be disposed off in a proper manner. There are several medications like Odomos and others that are available in the market that helps in preventing mosquito bites.
getting rid of stagnant water near your home like containers or feeling up holes and depressions that can turn to breeding grounds.
Also, you can opt for chemical treatment in order to help eliminate the mosquito grounds. Using appropriate pest chemicals could be functional. The treatments should be able to place in the water bodies to totally destroy the complete breeding cycle before destroying it. Plants around the house may act as a habitat for adult mosquitoes and should also be sprayed with insecticides.
. When mosquitos bite sick animals and people, they also get infected with bacteria and germs.
. Adult mosquitos make habitations both outdoors and indoors.
. Depending on the temperature, humidity, and species, mature mosquitoes usually live for around two to four weeks.
. A few infected mosquitoes can lead to an outbreak of a disease that can touch an entire community.
. The female mosquitoes usually outlive the male mosquitoes.
As per the American Mosquito Control Association, there are more than 3000 mosquito species. Small insects are known to cause deadly diseases like malaria and yellow fever, and clearing their breeding grounds could be the biggest step. Clearing the stagnant water around your home from old tires, clogged gutters, and flower basins are advised.
Bush clearing is also essential as some species love staying on plants while outdoors, some mosquitos can bite you several times and not cause any disease or infection as not all of them are carriers.