Scorpions are probably one of the most fearsome creatures in this world. Arizona is known for several unique varieties of species and scorpions are one among them. As scorpions can live well in some specific climatic conditions, they find Arizona state conditions more favourable and friendly to grow.
However, people believe in so many misconceptions related to scorpions. The first most important fact we need to disclose here is that not all scorpions have harmful stings. Usually, their venom is meant to harm the pray, and human beings are too big to fall in that category.
It clearly means that you will find very rare cases of death due to scorpion stings. So, when you are eager to know whether scorpions in Arizona are poisonous or not, it may be little difficult to state the answer in a single statement as “not all of them are same”. Here we are going to talk about the different types of scorpions found in Arizona. This information may help you understand which one of them are poisonous and which are not.
Arizona Bark Scorpion, Very Dangerous
Here is one of the most widely known and commonly found species of scorpions. The bark scorpions are around 1 to 3 inches in length, and they can be identified from their distinct pale yellow colour. Although they are small in size, it has an advantage for them as they can be very quick. Moreover, their colour makes them difficult to spot in the forest. But it is important to mention that they can glow more in the blacklight; hence, you can spot them easily in the night hours.
Due to their nocturnal behaviour, Arizona bark scorpions are usually found below the rocks, in the crags and caves. However, they can also enter homes whole looking for some small insects, water, food and shelter. These scorpions are believed to be one of the most poisonous scorpions in Arizona. Their sting can cause more pain, swelling and breathing difficulties as well. Some people eve experience muscle spasms after their attack. When you are stung by these scorpions, it is better to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Arizona Stripe Tail Scorpion:
The strip tail scorpions are another common type of scorpions in the Arizona state. They can be identified from their fairy robust and lustrous metasoma and underlying pigment. The dorsal keels present on the metasoma terminate in unique spinoid granule, and hence they can name spinigerus which means spine bearing creatures.
These scorpions have smooth hands with inflated palm. The overall length of thee creatures can be 3 inches, and the colour may range from yellow to brown with some dark stripes. These strips can extend up to their lateral and middle eyes while creating a horned appearance. They can be commonly found under rocks and may even visit Arizona homes in search of food. The baby size can get inside easily.
Giant Hairy Scorpion:
Hadrurus arizonensis is another famous giant hairy scorpion found in the Arizona state. It is one of the largest scorpion species in the United States. The pedipalps and metasoma of these scorpions are densely covered by the hair; no other scorpion is found to have such dense covering on their body.
These creatures can vary in color with yellow to greenish appeal. The overall length of these scorpions can be 4 inches, and they burrow to find some water. These scorpions live on small spiders, other scorpions, lizards and centipedes.
Yellow Ground Scorpion:
The yellow ground scorpions have the almost same appearance as that of bark scorpions; hence, they are often misidentified by people exploring Arizona forests. These scorpions have slender fingers and hands with yellow granular body structure.
The most common thing that proves the difference between yellow ground and bark scorpions is their two metasomal segments. They are nocturnal in nature; hence, prefer to spend more time under rocks and other large objects. It is common to find these scorpions in South-eastern Arizona and at Great Basin deserts.
Scorpions and their stings:
As we have mentioned earlier, there are only one species of scorpions in the United States that can release some venom with its sting and it is Bark Scorpion. However, it is also important to know that almost all scorpions leave some venom with their sting, but not all of them are harmful to humans as the content is usually very less.
When you are moving out for an adventure tour at Arizona states, it is better to carry first aid kit with you which can help you get preliminary relief if attacked by a scorpion or some other venomous creature. Generally, less than 5% of the scorpion stings need immediate medical attention; others can get well in some time with ease.
Many people experience some allergic reactions due to stings. If you belong to this category, you may have to be careful about alarming symptoms. As scorpions do not have any teeth in their mouth, they release venom from the end of their tail. They also use their tail as a shield for their body and may use it for defense as well.
Scorpion stings do not leave any mark on the body. It may be difficult to identify any visible sign even when you are stung. One may only experience some numbness, tingling sensation and swelling in few cases. The overall impact depends upon the amount of venom injected by the scorpion.
Scorpions are not that aggressive to attack humans. In most cases, the stings occur when humans try to step on the scorpions or try to harm the area where these tiny creatures love to hide. If you wear proper protective footwear, it is easier to avoid scorpion stings. But make sure you do not walk to the debris piles, and do not touch rocks with hands.
Few precautions can save you from hidden scorpions out there. Some camping lovers and hikers also prefer to carry scorpion repellents with them to stay safe from scorpion attacks.