There are many ways to purify water while camping outdoors like boiling, chlorine, iodine, UV, filter and pumps.
When we go camping and do not have enough water and have to choose the water from nearby rivers or lakes, we must take into account the germs and viruses that are responsible for many diseases that affect us, and in many cases, it is because of the contaminated water that we must drink.
Purification by Boiling
When the water reaches boiling point, bacteria and impurities die or are neutralized, for this we boil the water a minimum of 5 to 10 minutes, although the most recommended is 20 minutes, in extreme situations where water is scarce or highly contaminated (i.e. seawater), any liquid can be purified and only the water it contains can be extracted.
To do this, the liquid must be boiled and then steam distilled into another container where we will obtain pure water, without danger of bacteria, salt concentration, or minerals dangerous to health.
Purify With Chlorine
Chlorine is one of the most effective disinfectants against bacteria, however, it does not have good results against the viruses that inhabit undrinkable water, so it is recommended to filter the water before chlorinating and after the application of chlorine should be mixed well and left to stand for 30 minutes for the chlorine to come into contact with microorganisms.
Ultraviolet Light (UV) Water Purifier
Ultraviolet purifiers neutralize bacteria, protozoa, and viruses with UV rays. Fill a bottle with wide-mouth water; insert the UV light purifier for 90 seconds and you will have purified water. Be sure to use a pre-filter for cloudy water and carry extra batteries for the UV purifier before using it.
Portable Suction / Pressure Filter
Portable suction filters offer a lightweight personal filtration solution. There are several popular options available, from tubes that allow you to drink water directly from a water source, or which include an optional compression bottle that connects to the filter so you can pressurize water into our containers, they can also be connected to the hydration bag that the filter carries.
Portable Filter Pump
Pump-type water filters are the same as suction and/or pressure filters, but with the addition of a connected pump mechanism, it allows large amounts of water to be filtered quickly. Pump-type filters can require maintenance and can also be somewhat more expensive. Most pump filters deal with bacteria and protozoa, but some higher-end models eliminate viruses by including iodine resin inside the filter.
Purify the Water with Iodine
Iodine is a very effective disinfectant to eliminate bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms that we can find in the water, in general, 2 to 10 drops per liter are enough to purify clear water, here again, to increase effectiveness, it is preferable to filter the water before applying iodine, mix and let it stand for 15 to 20 minutes.
Water is a vital part of camping, it should not be depleted quickly, as it is a resource that is often scarce in the areas where we camp, always have an effective way to treat the water we can collect from the environment.
Diseases You Can Get From Contaminated Water
These diseases are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses found in contaminated water. They can appear after situations such as major storms, hurricanes, or others.
Where Are They Found?
You should not trust the appearance of the water, even in the purest looking water bacteria and diseases can be found, and with more and more human intervention in the waters of nature, the contamination is more and more severe, that is why in most cases it is advisable to purify the water when you go camping.
How to Avoid Contamination?
Those who are traveling can opt for some purification methods for the water they are going to consume or, a less ecological option, drink bottled water.