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What is SPF Rating on Sunscreen Mean? (Details UPF, UVA, UVB)

Summer is once again on their way and it is time for people to start their summer vacation and get some sun.


SPF rating stands for the sun protection factor. It is the measure of protection that the sunscreen can offer to the person. The more SPF rating your sunscreen, the better it provides the protection and the longer it will take to make your skin sunburned. For example, if you have a sunscreen of SPF 30 applied on your skin, then your skin will take 30 times the normal time to get sunburned.


People have started their summer shopping and they have started to pack their winter belonging and uncover their summer belonging. People are out shopping for things that they need for summer and the one item that tops the list is the Sunscreen. Sunscreen is probably the most important thing that people look in cosmetics when they are planning for summer. Sunscreen is important if you are going out and it has much important than you can think of. 

People think of sunscreen as the most important part of their cosmetic item. It performs several functions and helps the skin to get rid of any skin problem in summer. Sunscreen is provided by various companies and the person must choose the best sunscreen that is available for them. It will help them get better protection and will prevent any damage to their skin




The sunscreen is also known by the name of sunblock and is a cosmetic item that is most popular in the summer season. It can be a gel, cream, foam, or anything. The main function of the sunscreen is to absorb the ultraviolet rays of the sun and prevent the sun rays from burning the skin. By applying the sunscreen, one can get rid of the sunburn easily. Sunscreen helps to prevent sunburn to the body and also helps to protect the skin from the UV rays. UV rays do more damage to the skin than one could imagine.

With global warming, the ozone layer of the earth is damaging and getting thin. This allows more harmful radiation and the UV rays to fall on the earth. These UV rays are very harmful and it can damage the skin to a great extent. Slowly over time if a large amount of UV rays is exposed to the skin it can even cause skin cancer.

Sunscreen helps to prevent that. The sunscreen helps to absorb all the UV rays that fall on the skin and prevents it from getting into the skin. This prevents any damage to the skin and prevents any chances of skin cancer on the skin due to UV rays.

Every time you buy s sunscreen, you should make sure that you buy the best sunscreen that is available in the market. It will help to minimize the damage to the skin and will also protect the skin even more. You should always focus on buying better sunscreen. It will help to protect you more and will prevent any further damage to the skin.    


Is a higher sunscreen rating better than the lower sunscreen better?

When you are buying a sunscreen, the thing you should look for is the SPF rating. SPF rating stands for the sun protection factor. It is the protection that the sunscreen can offer to the person. Make sure to choose a good rating of SPF that will protect your skin from UV rays.


How to pick a good sunscreen

There are various things that you should check while you buy the sunscreen. You need to check for the manufacturing date, the expiration date, and the SPF rating of the sunscreen. If you are buying a sunscreen online, then make sure to go over the reviews to pick up the best sunscreen for yourself. We suggest that you buy trusted brand sunscreen as these brands have a reputation and the sunscreen manufactured by these companies will protect your skin for sure. The SPF rating on your sunscreen should be decent. For a normal person, the SPF rating of 15 will do the work.

Many people forget to care about their skin in the joyful mood of summer vacations. But this may lead to several harmful consequences. It is not just about getting a dark tone on the skin; rather, medical health stats consider direct exposure to the sun as a potential cause behind early age wrinkles and cancer as well. There are generally two types of ultraviolet rays coming from the sun; they are UVB and UVA rays.

Note that the UVB rays do not penetrate as deeply into the earth’s surface as UVA rays do. Many reports reveal that they are the main cause of skin cancer. Although UVA rays also cause the formation of skin cancer, the penetration into deeper portions leads to premature wrinkling and aging of the skin. Usually, UVA rays are observed to create 95% content of UV rays.

What are the common ingredients of sunscreens?

Market these days is loaded with several unique products from different brands. Most of the sunscreens are carry multiple active ingredients that can ensure protection from harmful ultraviolet rays. These ingredients may fall into two different categories: chemical absorbers and physical blockers. Few essential details about both these types of sunscreens are given below:

Physical sunscreens

They are also named as mineral blockers and are usually made up of zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, or the combination of both. When you apply this type of lotion, the minerals mainly sit on the top portion of the skin while creating a physical barrier or shield to the inner layers. It helps to reflect or bounce off the harmful UV rays coming from the sun.

While applying this type of sunscreen, you need to be very careful to blend it well so that your skin is fully covered and there is also no white cast left behind. Experts advise applying the product in dot form at one area of the body while rubbing it carefully. Once you cover one area, move to the next following the same technique.

Chemical sunscreens

The chemical sunscreens generally make use of the combination of various ingredients such as octocrylene, oxybenzone, and avobenzone. They get absorbed into the topmost layer of the skin. They start working like chemical blockers that can absorb sun rays while inactivating them.

These lotions are also named as chemical filters and they are usually very lightweight. When you buy high-quality sunscreens, the ingredients for both chemical and physical sunscreens appear reliable. They can sometimes feel more like a regular use moisturizer.

Along with various active ingredients, the sunscreen lotions also contain few inactive ingredients. The composition may usually vary from product to product, depending upon the brand. Some of the most common elements present in sunscreens are emollients, fragrances, preservatives, and vitamin E.

What do you mean by different SPF ratings?

You may find sun protection factor (SPF) listed on the particular sunscreen; it basically shows the degree of protection against UVB rays. The experienced dermatologists often advise using sunscreen with an SPF rating of 30 or more. It is directly correlated to the protection against 97% of UVB rays coming from the sun.

The sunscreens with the ultrahigh rating are usually not that useful as compared to sunscreen with 50 SPF ratings that can otherwise block 98% of the UVB rays. While buying your sunscreen lotion, it is important to be careful about the SPF rating to ensure complete safety from UVA and UVB rays.

The manufacturers also provide a few other codes for sunscreen products. Some of you might be interested to know what those different sunscreen codes speak; below we have listed a few details about them.


Universal protection factor – it is basically the SPF rating for clothes that signals how well the specific type of fabric may protect you against harmful UV rays.


UVA stands for Ultraviolet A rays that penetrate deeper into the skin. They are also named as aging rays as they are responsible for premature wrinkles and other age spots. In some cases, these rays may also cause skin cancer. Reports reveal that these days are generally 30 to 50 times more effective as compared to UVB rays and they can enter straight inside clouds and windows. Hence, human beings are never safe from these types of rays.


Ultraviolet B rays are mainly responsible for burning skin and they also play a considerable role in developing skin cancer. It is documented that these rays are more effective from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm in general.


The broad-spectrum sunscreen products are effective enough against both UVB and UVA rays. They are widely recommended for people who spend more time in direct sunlight.

Why Sunscreens are so important?

Almost 90% of the non-melanoma type skin cancers are directly associated with the exposure of UV rays. Although UVB and UVA rays are closely related to cancer, most of the cases are preventable. As per the Skin Cancer Foundation, daily use of an SFP sunscreen can prevent the risk of developing melanoma by almost 50%. Other than this, UVB and UVA rays are also linked to skin aging conditions. A recently published study reveals that almost 90% of the skin aging issues arise due to direct exposure to the sun.

Furthermore, sunscreen is observed to work as a key player in post-surgery healing. Generally, sunlight can cause discoloration and darken around the scar; hence, it is better to use sunscreen regularly to promote healing of the scar.

It clearly means that sunscreens are not just recommended for the beach vacations and beside the pool, they play an important role to manage your overall health. Sun keeps on emitting harmful ultraviolet rays in all seasons, including cloudy days. Moreover, the sand, snow, and water can also reflect the sun rays at a considerable level. This makes the application of a protective layer of sunscreen on skin layers more important.

How to choose the best sunscreen for your routines?

The next big question in your mind must be regarding the selection of the right sunscreen for your skincare needs. Well, as the market is loaded with many products from different brands, buyers may often get confused about which one to pick. Don’t worry! Below we have listed a few details about how to choose the best sunscreen for your routines:

Check data of manufacturing

While buying your sunscreen, the first most thing you need to check is the date of manufacturing and expiry. It is better to look for the freshest stock so that you can keep it as long as possible.

Look for a trusted brand

When we talk about cosmetics, a trusted brand is always recommended. It is better to choose an international brand that has received a good rating online. The products from Europe and the USA are certified by the European Union or FDA; you can trust their quality.

Go through the ingredients

Another important thing that you need to check is the list of ingredients. It will assist you to understand if the composition is safe or not. The oxybenzone chemical usually works like a hormone disruptor and may cause allergic reactions in the long run.

Choose creamy sunscreens

The powder-based and spray type sunscreens contain mineral content and are loaded with many nanoparticles. They can enter the bloodstream and may cause several potential health issues. Experts often recommend using cream-based sunscreens to achieve better results.

Necessary SPF rating

It is always important to check the SFP range of the product. Generally, anything above 15 falls in the decent protection range. However, if you are looking for a foolproof solution, it is better to go ahead with SPF 30.

Water and sweat-resistant

Another important feature of the best sunscreen is its waterproof and sweat resistant performance. These products are more suitable for those who are moving out for beach fun or need to handle a typical field job.

If your routine job forces you to spend more time outdoors or you are planning a vacation outdoors, it is important to look for a good quality sunscreen in the market. While applying your sunscreen lotion, it is better to cover all the tricky areas that are highly affected by UV rays such as the back of the neck and your arms. Make sure your sunscreen gives you a soothing feeling instead of creating a rough sensation.


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