Grasshoppers can not swim in water but they do float.
Nature has a lot of beautiful flora and fauna, and the grasshopper is part of these. If you are a nature-loving fellow, you could have seen a grasshopper. But it is not a miracle to find out that some have never seen these amazing insects. This insect can leap twenty times its body’s length.
Grasshoppers do not jump as most think, and what they usually do is using their legs to catapult. These insects can jump (leap)and fly at a speed of eight miles per hour. There are over eighteen thousand grasshopper species ad each of them occupies a specific geographical location and poses unique characteristics. Here is all you need to know about grasshoppers.
What is a grasshopper?
Grasshoppers are herbivorous insects belonging to suborder Caelifera and order Orthoptera. These insects resemble bush crickets and locusts, but they have short horns, which is why they are sometimes known as short-horned grasshoppers.
Although they are almost similar to locusts, locusts often change their behavior and color at high population densities. These insects are popular for their long jumps and the chirping sound that they produce especially male grasshoppers.
They are survivors and have adapted themselves to survive in almost all regions globally as long as there is plenty of food and a favorable warm climate. They feature an excellent camouflage that compounds them to their environmental surroundings.
Characteristics of grasshoppers
Grasshoppers are average to large-sized, and depending on the kinds, an adult grasshopper measures about one to seven .centimeters
They have two wing pairs, chewing mouthparts and one stiff and narrow, the other flexible and wide, and extended rear legs for jumping.
These insects have a short antenna that cannot reach any far back in their bodies.
They have large and glowing eyes to compound into the environment, usually a blend of brown, green, and grey.
Males have bright colors on their wings which they use to charm females, but this is specific to some species, not all.
Some grasshopper species eat toxic plants and store the toxins in their body which they use for protection. These species have a bright color which acts as a sign to their predators that they have bad taste.
Female grasshoppers are often large, with sharp points at their abdomen periphery to help them lay eggs underground which is not a stinger.
Some Male grasshoppers have unique structures on their wings, which they use to rub and produce sounds.
Grasshoppers are founds almost everywhere in the world apart from cold regions near the south and north poles—generally, grasshoppers like a warm climate.
Types of grasshoppers
Grasshoppers are grouped based on the length of their antennae (horns). There are two major types of grasshoppers according to this classification.
These were formerly known as the bush crickets and belong to the group Tettigoniidae and order Orthoptera. This type of grasshopper has approximately six thousand species identified through longhorns. Almost all member of this family has long wings and prefer making their habitats in bushes and shrubs.
They belong to the family Acrididae and the arthropod order Orthoptera. These grasshoppers have small but stout antennae. The females have a four-valved ovipositor to help them in laying eggs. Examples include spur-throated grasshoppers, slant-faced grasshoppers, Band-winged grasshoppers, among others.
Grasshoppers are leaping insects that mainly occupy the temperate regions of the world. The insects have over eighteen thousand known species, each having its unique features. They mainly feed on leaves, cereals, and grass. Their main predators are birds, mice, snakes, while in some regions, humans use some species as food. They can float in water but do not swim.