Copperheads do swim in the water of lakes, streams, and pools. They prefer dry land. They are commonly confused with water snakes which are also found near water. They can swim above and below water to avoid predators and hunt.
If you see one in the water watch out because they bite and are venomous.
The copperheads are found in semiaquatic and dry areas and they usually live in the marshy location and rugged woodland with lots of hills. They live in the ground but at times climb tall plants and trees within their location.
During winter, copperheads move to rugged areas close to hills that receive sufficient sunlight for warming. They stay in holes dug out by other animals, inside logs, or amidst stones. They also stay in stone walls, sawdust heaps, caves and stumps; hence, you should be on the lookout if you are around these areas.
Copperheads can hibernate alone, but in most cases, you find them hibernating in groups that may include other types of snakes such as black rat snakes, black racers and timber rattlesnakes. They go to hibernation in the fall and come out after several months at around April.
What do copperheads eat?
The copperheads are carnivorous, meaning that they mainly feed on meat. Their main meal is rodents such as rats and mice, but they also feed on baby cottontails, birds, swamp rabbits, baby turtles, frogs, toads, other snakes and insects such as grasshoppers, and crickets.
Copperheads eat a single meal every three weeks, even during active hunting seasons.
Copperheads are diurnal during spring and fall, meaning they are active during day time and this is when they hunt. During this season, they depend on their ability to camouflage and blend with the environment to obtain prey and hide from enemies. Copperheads are nocturnal during summer and hence they are active during cool evening hours, which is when they hunt.
The copperhead’s bite occurs when you least expect it but only after they have given enough attempts to discourage you from provoking them.
When they spot you, they first try to move away from you. When you get closer, they camouflage by curling up to resemble a pile of fallen leaves. As you progress in their direction, the copperheads start to shake their tail to scare.
After these signs, the copperheads usually strike and bite one as the final self-defense technique. You may not notice any of these signs, but the copperhead will assume it has given you enough warning and therefore, you need to be careful when walking around areas they are commonly found.
All snakes can swim and so can they.