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Various Types of Gold Colors (Golden, Yellow, White, Green, Blue, Red)

There are different ways to classify the various shades of gold. One way is based on their hue, another method uses lightness/darkness, while still others use transparency.

 

Hue

There are three primary hues of gold: Yellowish gold, Golden Yellow, and White gold. These terms describe the appearance of gold when viewed under normal lighting conditions. They do not refer to any specific shade of gold but rather indicate the general tone of gold.

For example, golden yellow refers to an overall warm tone of gold, whereas white gold indicates a cool tone.

 

Yellowish gold

This type of gold appears slightly darker than yellow gold due to the presence of copper, which gives off a bluish tint. Its color may range anywhere from pale yellow to dark amber.

It’s primarily found in jewelry items like rings, earrings, necklaces, bracelets, pendants, brooches, pins, cufflinks, tie clips, watch bands, chains, lockets, etc. This type of gold is also known as “yellow gold.”

 

Golden yellow

This type of gold is similar to yellowish gold except that there is no blue component present. Instead, the gold contains more copper giving it a brighter tone. Its color may vary from very light to medium yellow. It’s mainly used in decorative objects like tableware, vases, bowls, candlesticks, lamps, clocks, mirrors, furniture, wall art, sculptures, paintings, stained glass windows, etc.

 

White gold

This type of colored gold looks almost identical to sterling silver. However, unlike sterling silver, white gold does contain some trace amounts of copper. Because of this, it tends to appear lighter than sterling silver. As a result, white gold is often referred to as “white” instead of “silver.”

Like yellowish gold, white gold comes in several tones ranging from very light to deep gray. It’s primarily used in fine jewelry, including engagement rings, wedding sets, watches, timepieces, cuff links, keychains, belt buckles, pen cases, coin purses, etc.

 

Lightness/Darkness

Another classification system divides gold into two categories: Light and Dark. A piece of gold is considered “light” if it reflects less than 50 percent of the incident light. On the other hand, a piece of gold is called “dark” if its reflectance exceeds 75 percent.

Examples of gold colors that reflect less than 50 percent of the incident light include :

Examples of gold colors that reflect less than 50 percent of the incident light include :

Gold with high iron levels– This includes most alloys containing greater than 0.5% by weight of iron or steel—the higher the percentage of iron content, the lower the level of reflection. The color of such gold can be described as having a duller look compared to pure gold.

Gold plated or coated metals– Gold plating can be applied directly onto base metal or indirectly through electroplating. When using direct plating techniques, the thickness of the layer varies depending upon the alloy being plated. Indirect methods involve applying a thin film of nickel over the item’s surface before coating it with a thicker layer of gold.

Both ways produce a shiny finish. The color of such gold will depend on the underlying material. If the base metal has been oxidized, then the resulting gold color will have a reddish tinge. In addition, because the gold is thinner, it will tend to wear faster.

Silver-colored gold– Silver has been added to gold for centuries to create a variety of beautiful finishes. Depending on how much silver was added, the finished product could look either golden brown or bright silvery white. Today, many manufacturers use an intermediate shade between these two extremes.

Pale yellow gold– Pale yellow gold comprises about 80% gold and 20% copper. Although not quite as popular today as it once was, pale yellow gold remains one of the most versatile types of gold available. It offers excellent durability while maintaining a natural appearance.

Examples of gold colors reflecting greater than 75% of the incident light include:

Deep red gold– Deep red gold contains more copper than any other form of gold. Its color ranges from dark cherry to burgundy. Some people find this color appealing, but others prefer something closer to rose pink.

Blue gold– Blue gold is similar to green gold, except that blue gold contains no copper. Instead, it consists entirely of zinc and aluminum. While it doesn’t tarnish like regular gold, it still needs special care when cleaning.

Green gold- Green gold is a combination of both yellow and blue gold. Its color depends on which elements were present during manufacturing. For example, if only zinc and aluminum were used, the final color would be more bluish. Conversely, if copper was included along with those same two elements, then the result would be warmer looking.

Black Gold – black gold is scarce. Only about 1 gram per year is mined worldwide. Black gold is made up of 99.99999 % pure gold. Its color is similar to charcoal.

 

Transparency

The last category describes the degree of translucency of gold. Gold can be transparent, semi-transparent, opaque, translucent, milky, cloudy, frosted, matte, satin, glossy, iridescent, flamed, or even black!

Translucent pieces are those which allow more than half of the light to pass through them. Opaque pieces completely block out any light passing through them. Semi-transparent pieces partially transmit light but still give off a glow. Milky gold appears slightly hazy due to tiny particles suspended within the molten liquid.

Cloudy gold is similar to milk except that there are no visible particles floating around inside the melted mixture. Frosted gold looks like glass when viewed at certain angles. Satin gold gives off a soft sheen. Glossy gold reflects light in a way that makes it appear smooth and lustrous.

Iridescence occurs when light waves bounce back and forth across the surface of a piece of jewelry, causing its surface to sparkle. Flaming gold is scarce; only a few precious stones contain this property. Black gold is created by adding carbon into the mix during melting. This creates a dark-colored substance that does not reflect light.

Gold is a precious metal that has been used for thousands of years. It was first discovered in the mountains of Afghanistan, and it’s believed to have originated from meteorites. Gold is one of the most valuable metals on Earth because it can be quickly melted into thin sheets or bars.

The color of gold varies depending on its composition; pure gold ranges between yellow-golden brown and bright white depending upon its purity. When alloyed with other metals, gold color changes to constitute the wide variety of gold shades. The first step to understanding these colors is knowing what they are made up of.

The basic components of gold include:

Pure gold – 99% by weight

Silver – 0.1–0.2%

Copper – 0.01–0.02%

Tin – 0.001–0.005%

Iron – 0.002–0.004%

Zinc – 0.0005–0.0002%

Other impurities such as arsenic, antimony, bismuth, cadmium, chromium, nickel, palladium, platinum, silver, thallium, titanium, tungsten, uranium, vanadium, zinc, etc.

There are many different types of gold colors available today. Each one offers something unique that makes them special.