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Hike and Discover St Catherine, Sinai High Mountain Region Of Egypt

Are you ready for an adventure of a lifetime? Look no further than the stunning St Catherine region, nestled in the heart of the Sinai Peninsula. With its high mountains and captivating landscapes, this destination is ideal for hiking enthusiasts looking for an unforgettable experience.

Key Takeaways:

  • St Catherine, located in the Sinai Peninsula, is a popular destination for hiking enthusiasts.
  • The high mountains and stunning landscapes offer an unforgettable experience for hikers of all levels.
  • St Catherine provides unique cultural experiences, such as the customs of the Bedouin community


My hiking adventure in Saint Katherine was a journey I’d never forget, a blend of spiritual awakening and physical challenge that tested my resolve and filled my soul with awe. I had always been intrigued by the rugged beauty of the Sinai Peninsula, with its ancient biblical history and dramatic landscapes, so when the opportunity arose, I packed my gear without hesitation.

I had prepared for the hike meticulously, ensuring I had the appropriate equipment. My backpack was a robust, 50-liter North Face model, with an internal frame that hugged my back comfortably, distributing the weight evenly across my hips. It was stocked with essentials: a hydration bladder with a 3-liter capacity to combat the dry desert heat, lightweight but durable hiking pants, and a UV-protective shirt to shield me from the relentless sun.

The trail was a mix of sandy paths and rocky inclines, winding its way through the desolate yet beautiful terrain of the Sinai. I remember feeling small amidst the towering mountains, their colors shifting from dusty brown to reddish hues as the day progressed. My trekking poles clicked rhythmically on the ground, aiding my ascent and providing stability as I navigated the uneven terrain.

As I climbed higher, the air grew cooler and thinner. I paused frequently to catch my breath and to drink in the views that stretched out before me. The silence of the desert was profound, broken only by the sound of the wind whispering secrets to the ancient land.

Reaching the summit of Mount Sinai was the highlight of the hike. Standing at an elevation of around 7,497 feet, I was enveloped by a sense of profound peace. The vast expanse of the desert lay before me, a tapestry of valleys and peaks that seemed to hold the echoes of history. It was here, according to Abrahamic religions, that Moses received the Ten Commandments, and I couldn’t help but feel the weight of that sacred moment.

I stayed at the peak long enough to witness the sky turn to a canvas of stars. The Milky Way was a river of light above, so clear and close it felt like I could reach out and touch it. I had brought along a compact, lightweight sleeping bag rated for the chill of the desert night and a small, foldable mat for cushioning. Laying there, under the celestial display, I felt a connection to the universe and the many pilgrims who had made this journey before me.


The Majestic St Catherine

Located in the heart of the Sinai Peninsula, St Catherine is a region of breathtaking natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. The area is named after Saint Catherine’s Monastery, one of the oldest functioning Christian monasteries in the world, dating back to the 6th century AD.

The region is also home to Mount Sinai, the biblical mountain where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. This vast mountain range is a popular destination for hikers, offering stunning views of the surrounding landscapes and a unique opportunity to connect with nature.

St Catherine’s rich history and unique landmarks also make it a must-visit destination. Take a stroll through the charming town of St Catherine and explore the ancient ruins of the Chapel of the Burning Bush, believed to be the site where God spoke to Moses.

The Bedouin community, which has lived in the area for centuries, adds a fascinating layer to the region’s cultural tapestry. Visitors can learn about their history, traditions, and customs and experience their hospitality firsthand.

The Best Time to Visit St Catherine

The best time to visit St Catherine is during the cooler months of the year, which typically fall between November and March. During this time, the weather is pleasant enough for hiking and exploring the region’s stunning landscapes. However, visitors should be aware that temperatures can still drop significantly at night, so warm clothing is a must.

Accommodation in St Catherine

Accommodation options in St Catherine range from budget-friendly hostels to luxury hotels. Visitors can choose to stay in the charming town of St Catherine itself or in one of the many Bedouin camps dotted throughout the region.

Getting to St Catherine

The most convenient way to reach St Catherine is by flying into Sharm El-Sheikh International Airport, which is located about 120 kilometers away. From there, visitors can hire a taxi or take a bus to St Catherine. Alternatively, visitors can also take a bus directly from Cairo to St Catherine.

Experience the Magic of St Catherine

From its stunning natural landscapes to its rich cultural heritage, St Catherine is a destination that truly has it all. Whether you’re a seasoned hiker or simply looking to connect with nature and history, a visit to St Catherine is an experience you won’t soon forget.

Preparing for the Adventure

Embarking on a hiking adventure in St Catherine’s high mountains requires adequate preparation. To ensure a safe and enjoyable journey, follow these essential tips:

  1. Choose the right gear: Invest in high-quality hiking shoes with excellent grip to navigate the rocky terrain. Wear breathable, moisture-wicking clothing, and use a backpack with a comfortable fit to carry essentials such as water, snacks, and sunscreen.
  2. Train beforehand: Hiking in St Catherine can be physically demanding, so be sure to train your body beforehand. Build endurance with cardio exercises and strengthen your muscles with weight training.
  3. Research trails and routes: Select the trails and routes that suit your skill level and interests. Research the difficulty level, elevation gain, and terrain to choose the route that best suits your abilities.
  4. Check weather: Before heading out, check the weather forecast and plan accordingly. Avoid hiking in extreme heat or during thunderstorms.
  5. Stay hydrated: Bring enough water and electrolyte-replenishing drinks to stay hydrated throughout the hike. A good rule of thumb is to drink at least one liter of water for every two hours of hiking.
  6. Leave no trace: Respect the environment by following the ‘leave no trace’ principle. Carry all trash with you and avoid disturbing flora and fauna.
  7. Hike with a guide: Consider hiring a local guide to ensure a safe and memorable adventure. A guide can provide valuable insights into the local culture, history and geography, as well as offer assistance in case of emergencies.


Trails and Routes

St Catherine offers an extensive network of trails and routes for hikers of all levels to explore. From easy walks suitable for families to advanced treks for experienced adventurers, the options are endless. Here are some of the most popular hiking trails in St Catherine:

Mount Sinai Trail

The Mount Sinai Trail is a challenging trek that takes hikers to the top of Mount Sinai, the highest peak in the region. The trail starts at the foot of the mountain near the St Catherine Monastery and takes approximately 3-4 hours to reach the summit. Along the way, hikers can enjoy breathtaking views and explore historic landmarks such as the Chapel of the Holy Trinity.

Wadi El Arbain Trail

This moderate trail takes hikers through the stunning Wadi El Arbain valley, known for its dramatic rock formations and lush vegetation. The trail is approximately 7 kilometers long and takes around 3 hours to complete. Along the way, hikers can admire the beauty of the valley and stop at natural springs for a refreshing break.

Jebel Abbas Basha Trail

Jebel Abbas Basha is a challenging route that takes hikers to the top of a 2,364-meter peak. The trail is approximately 10 kilometers long and takes around 6 hours to complete. Hikers will need to be in good physical condition to tackle this demanding route, but the stunning views from the top make it well worth the effort.

No matter which trail you choose, make sure you come prepared with the appropriate gear and plenty of water. It’s also a good idea to hire a local guide who can provide valuable insight into the region’s history and culture.

Exploring the High Mountains

Embark on an adventure of a lifetime as you explore the breathtaking high mountains of St Catherine. The region boasts a diverse landscape of rugged peaks, deep valleys, and stunning rock formations, creating a truly immersive natural experience.

As you trek through the winding trails, immerse yourself in the tranquility of the wilderness, and discover hidden gems nestled within the peaks. Keep an eye out for unique flora and fauna species that are native to the region, such as the Sinai agama and Nubian ibex.

Trails and Routes

St Catherine offers a range of trails and routes that cater to every level of hiker. The most popular route is the trek to Mount Sinai, which boasts stunning panoramic views from the summit.

For a more challenging hike, the High Mountain Trail will take you to the highest peaks of St Catherine. This 16 km trail is recommended for experienced hikers and offers a unique opportunity to explore the remote areas of the region.

Uncovering Breathtaking Views

The high mountains of St Catherine offer an array of breathtaking views that will leave you speechless. From dramatic cliff edges to expansive valleys, every step of the journey is rewarded with a mesmerizing vista.

One of the most scenic spots in the region is the Colored Canyon, a natural wonder featuring beautiful rock formations in various shades of red, yellow, and orange. The canyon is easily accessible from St Catherine and is a must-visit for any hiker exploring the region.

Embracing the Adventure

Hiking in the high mountains of St Catherine is an adventure that offers both physical and mental challenges. From navigating rocky terrain to enduring changing weather conditions, every step of the journey is an opportunity for growth and self-discovery.

Embrace the transformative nature of the hiking experience and discover your own personal limits as you push yourself to new heights.

Remember to always prioritize safety and respect the environment as you embark on your hiking adventure in St Catherine.

Uncovering Breathtaking Views

One of the greatest rewards of hiking in St Catherine is the opportunity to witness the awe-inspiring panoramic vistas that await you along the trails. As you trek through this captivating region, you’ll be treated to breathtaking views that encompass the natural beauty of St Catherine and the surrounding Sinai Peninsula.

Expansive Valleys

From the mountaintops, you can look out over expansive valleys that stretch far into the distance. The contrast of the sweeping desert landscape against the jagged peaks creates a picture-perfect view that captures the essence of this enchanting region.

Dramatic Cliff Edges

As you navigate the trails, you’ll also encounter dramatic cliff edges that offer an unforgettable glimpse of the rugged terrain below. These vantage points provide a unique and awe-inspiring perspective on the natural beauty of St Catherine’s high mountains.

A Serene Escape

Amidst the stunning scenery, you’ll find a sense of tranquility and peace that feels worlds away from the hustle and bustle of daily life. The breathtaking views offer a serene escape that rejuvenates both mind and body.

So, if you’re ready to immerse yourself in the beauty of St Catherine and the Sinai Peninsula, pack your bags and get ready for a journey that you’ll never forget!

Embracing the Adventure

When it comes to adventure, hiking in St Catherine offers a truly unique and thrilling experience. From the rugged terrain to the stunning natural landscapes, every step of the journey is sure to leave you in awe.

One of the most transformative aspects of hiking in St Catherine is the opportunity to push yourself beyond your limits. Whether you’re a seasoned hiker or a first-time explorer, the challenges of the trail will test your physical and mental strength, making you stronger and more resilient with each step.

As you embrace the adventure, you’ll also encounter a variety of flora and fauna that are unique to the St Catherine region. Keep your eyes open for the elusive Nubian ibex, a wild mountain goat that can be found perched on rocky outcrops along the trail. You may also spot the Sinai agama, a lizard with bright orange markings that perfectly camouflages itself against the desert rocks.

Of course, with adventure comes risk, and it’s important to take the necessary precautions to ensure your safety. Before hitting the trails, make sure you’re properly equipped with sturdy hiking boots, a map or GPS device, and plenty of water and snacks. It’s also wise to hike with a partner or in a group, especially if you’re new to the area.

As you navigate the rocky terrain and soak in the stunning vistas, remember to stop and appreciate the moment. Take a deep breath of the crisp mountain air, feel the sun on your face, and let the tranquility of the natural surroundings wash over you. With each step, you’ll be one step closer to experiencing the full magic of St Catherine’s unforgettable hiking trails.

Immerse Yourself in Local Culture

St Catherine is not just a destination for hiking enthusiasts, but it’s also an excellent opportunity to immerse yourself in the unique local culture. The region has a rich history that dates back centuries, and the Bedouin community, in particular, has made a significant contribution to the area’s cultural heritage.

The Bedouin people have a deep connection to the land, and their customs and traditions are an integral part of the St Catherine experience. While hiking, you may encounter Bedouin camps and have the opportunity to engage with locals and learn about their way of life.

Be respectful of the Bedouin community’s culture and customs by dressing modestly and asking for permission before taking photographs or entering their camps. This will ensure that you have a meaningful and respectful cultural experience.

Bedouin Hospitality

Bedouin hospitality is well-known throughout the region, and it’s not uncommon for hikers to be invited into a Bedouin tent for a cup of tea or a meal. This is a unique opportunity to experience the warmth and generosity of the local people.

Bedouin cuisine is simple but delicious, and it often includes dishes such as Bedouin bread, grilled meats, and fresh vegetables. You may also have the chance to try traditional Bedouin tea, which is typically brewed with herbs such as sage or mint.

Exploring Local Markets

A visit to the local markets in St Catherine is a great way to immerse yourself in the local culture and find unique souvenirs to take home. The markets are full of handcrafted items such as pottery, textiles, and jewelry, all made by local artisans.

You can also find traditional Bedouin handicrafts such as camel saddles, rugs, and baskets. Make sure to bargain when purchasing items, as haggling is a common practice in the markets.

Exploring the local markets will give you a glimpse into the daily life of the Bedouin people and their deep connection to their heritage and traditions.


You can travel to the town of St. Catherine in the Sinai peninsula in Egypt at an elevation of about 1600 meters from sea level, at the foot of the Sinai High Mountains. You can go hiking on trails of Mt. Sinai. They look like this:

Over a thousand visitors come to visit St. Catherine’s Monastery, the oldest continuously inhabited monastery in the World built on the site



The most popular hiking trail in St. Catherine is the trail to the summit of Mount Sinai. The hike typically takes around 3 hours and can be quite steep in places, but the reward is a breathtaking sunrise or sunset over the surrounding mountains and desert.

There are also a number of other hiking trails in the area, ranging from easy walks to more challenging hikes. These include the Colored Canyon, a narrow gorge with towering walls in shades of red, orange, and yellow; and the Jebel Abbas Basha, a challenging hike that rewards hikers with stunning views of the surrounding peaks.



  • Saint Catherine’s Monastery: At the foot of the mountain lies the historic Saint Catherine’s Monastery, which was founded in the 6th century by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I. It is one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited Christian monasteries and houses a rich collection of religious artifacts, including ancient manuscripts, icons, and a rare collection of early Christian art.
  • Climbing the mountain: There are two primary routes to reach the summit of St. Katherine: the Steps of Repentance and the Camel Trail. The Steps of Repentance is a more challenging route, consisting of about 3,750 steps carved into the rock by a monk in the 6th century. The Camel Trail is a longer but less steep path, which can be hiked or traversed on camelback.
  • Sunrise and sunset: Many visitors choose to climb the mountain at night to reach the summit in time for sunrise, witnessing a breathtaking view of the surrounding mountains and valleys. Alternatively, some prefer to climb during the day and watch the sunset from the peak.
  • Flora and fauna: The St. Katherine Protectorate is home to a diverse range of plant and animal species, many of which are endemic to the region. The area is known for its ancient and rare Sinai wild roses, as well as other native flora. Fauna includes the Nubian ibex, Sinai leopard, and various bird species.





The Sinai mountain range was formed 600 million years ago. It is mostly red granite rock with some metamorphic, sandstone, and limestone. Be careful because Regular flash floods still happen.


You should start hike at dawn when the weather is cool and sun is low.


You can use camels to carry your gear.



Every visitor or group of visitors to Mt. Sinai must have a guide by the authorities. Guides are provided by the tribal rotating system at the Police check point and cost 130 LE.

Wear some good hiking shoes because the trail is rocky as shown here.

The view from top is amazing





Large groups are welcome.



Bring your camera or smartphone to get some good photos.



Part of the trails are paved, but mostly they made of dirt and rocks.




Wadi El-Arbaein route looks like this:




  • What is the significance of St. Katherine? St. Katherine is known for the St. Katherine’s Monastery, one of the oldest working Christian monasteries in the world. It is said to be located where Moses saw the burning bush, making it a significant pilgrimage site.
  • What is the climate like in the Sinai High Mountain Region? The Sinai High Mountain Region has a desert climate. Summers can be hot during the day and cool at night, while winters can be quite cold, especially at higher altitudes.
  • What are the hiking opportunities in the region? There are many hiking trails in the region. One of the most popular is the trail to Mount Sinai (also known as Jebel Musa), where Moses is said to have received the Ten Commandments. Other trails lead to stunning natural sights like the Rock of Inscriptions, Jebel el Deir, and Jebel Abbas Basha.
  • What gear do I need for hiking in the Sinai High Mountain Region? Good hiking boots, sun protection, a hat, and plenty of water are essential. For longer hikes, you may need camping gear. During the winter, warm clothing is a must.
  • Is it safe to hike in the Sinai High Mountain Region? While the region is generally safe for tourists, it’s always important to check the current travel advisories for Egypt. It’s also advised to hire a local Bedouin guide for your hikes, as the trails can be challenging to navigate.
  • What wildlife can I expect to see? You may see a variety of desert-dwelling animals such as ibex, gazelles, foxes, and many species of birds. Always remember to observe wildlife from a distance and not to feed any animals you encounter.
  • What are the accommodation options in St. Katherine? St. Katherine has a range of accommodations, from basic guesthouses to more comfortable hotels. There are also campsites available in the region.
  • What are the local customs and culture? The local population includes both Bedouin tribes and residents of Greek Orthodox faith tied to the monastery. Respecting local customs, such as dressing modestly and asking permission before photographing people, is important.
  • Do I need a guide to hike in the region? While it’s not mandatory, hiring a local Bedouin guide is highly recommended for hiking in the Sinai High Mountain Region. The trails can be hard to navigate and local guides not only provide safety but also offer rich insights about the local culture and environment.
  • How do I get to St. Katherine? The most common way to get to St. Katherine is by road, either from Cairo or Sharm el-Sheikh. There are regular bus services from both cities, or you can hire a car or taxi. Be prepared for a scenic but long journey!
  • What is the best time of the year to visit? The best time to visit St. Katherine and the Sinai High Mountain Region is during the cooler months, typically between September and April. The summer can be scorching hot and is generally not recommended for hiking.
  • What else can I do apart from hiking? Apart from hiking, you can visit the St. Katherine’s Monastery, explore local Bedouin culture, try local cuisine, and engage in stargazing – the region’s clear skies and high altitude make it an excellent spot for observing the night sky.
  • Can I camp in the Sinai High Mountain Region? Yes, camping is allowed in certain areas of the region. It’s an incredible way to experience the stunning landscape and starry skies. Just make sure to follow Leave No Trace principles and respect local customs and regulations.
  • Are there any local festivals or events? The St. Katherine’s Monastery sometimes hosts religious festivals and events which attract visitors from around the world. The local Bedouin community also has their own celebrations and traditions, which you might have the chance to observe.




Mount Sinai, also known as Mount Horeb or Gabal Musa, is a mountain in the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. It is considered a holy site by several religions, including Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.

The mountain is approximately 2,285 meters (7,500 feet) high and is part of a range of granite peaks that rise from the surrounding desert. Visitors can hike to the summit, which takes around 2-3 hours, and offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape.

There is also a monastery, St. Catherine’s Monastery, located at the base of the mountain. It is one of the oldest Christian monasteries in the world, dating back to the 4th century, and is home to a number of valuable religious artifacts, including the burning bush.