Nature, Uncategorized

Types of Gnats with Pics, FAQ, Stats, Facts

Gnats are flying insects like flies, mosquitos, and midges.


Dark-Winged Fungus Gnat



Culex Pipiens aka mosquito



 Fascinating Facts about Gnats

  • Scientific classification: Gnats are not a single species but rather a group of small flying insects belonging to several families, such as Culicidae (mosquitoes), Sciaridae (fungus gnats), and Ceratopogonidae (biting midges).
  • Size: Gnats are typically very small, measuring 1/16 to 1/4 inch (1.5-6 mm) in length, depending on the species.
  • Color: Gnats come in various colors, including black, brown, or gray, depending on the species and their life stage.


 Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are gnats harmful to humans?

  • Some gnats, such as biting midges, can be harmful to humans because they bite and cause irritation. However, most gnats are harmless and do not bite or transmit diseases.

2. Do gnats damage plants?

  • Some gnats, like fungus gnats, can damage plants, particularly during their larval stage when they feed on plant roots and lower stem tissues.


Tips for Dealing with Gnats

  • Reduce moisture: Ensure proper drainage and avoid overwatering plants to create less favorable conditions for gnat development.
  • Use insect repellent: Apply insect repellent on exposed skin to deter biting gnats.
  • Install screens: Use screens on windows and doors to prevent gnats from entering homes and buildings.



  • Gnats can be confused with other small flying insects, such as fruit flies (Drosophilidae), which are similar in size but have a more rounded body shape and red eyes.
  • Other look-alikes include phorid flies (Phoridae), drain flies (Psychodidae), and non-biting midges (Chironomidae).



  • Gnat larvae, particularly those of fungus gnats, feed on fungus and organic matter in soil, decomposing plant material, and sometimes plant roots.
  • Adult gnats typically feed on plant nectar or other sugary substances.



  • Gnats are prey for a variety of predators, including spiders, birds, bats, and other insects such as dragonflies and predatory beetles.


Phorid Fly


Dung Fly



Fungus Gnat



Gall gnat


Drain Gnats


Sand fly gnat



Fruit Fly Diptera




Mediterranean fruit fly aka medfly



European Cherry Fruit Fly



Oriental fruit fly



Housefly closeup photo:



Cherry fruit fly



Stable Flies



Blow fly



Buzzer Midge



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